在某些背景下,被另一门社会科学仅仅作为有待修正和改进的理论的观念,也可以被当做素材看待。例如,可以设想这样一种“政治科学”,它说明了对社会性质持有某种观点的人会产生哪一类政治行为,就这些行为而言,必须把这些观点作为素材。在人对待社会现象的行为中,即在解释他的政治行为时,虽然我们必须把他对社会结构的观点视为既成事实,但是我们也可以从另一个分析的层面,研究这种观点是否正确。一个特定的社会有可能认为它的各种制度是由神发明的,我们在解释这个社会的政治时必须接受这个事实;然而这未必能阻止我们证明,这种观点很可能是错误的。-哈耶克《科学的反革命》

In certain context, by another social science as only needs to be revised and improved the theory of idea, can also be viewed as material. For example, you can imagine such a "political science", it illustrates the social nature of people with some views will produce what kind of political behavior, in terms of these behaviors, must take these views as material. In the behavior of a man to a social phenomenon, that is, in explaining his political behavior, although we must put his views on social structure as a fait accompli, but we can also from another level, the analysis of the research this view is correct. A particular society may be considered its various system invented by god, when we explain the social political must accept this fact; However, this may not prevent us from that this view is probably mistaken. - hayek "scientific counter-revolutionary"

这种影响的历史,它发挥作用的渠道,以及它对社会发展方向的影响,将是我们一系列历史研究的主题,本文只是它们的一篇导论。在追溯这种影响的历史过程及其后果之前,我们先要描述一下它的一般特征,以及自然科学和生物科学的思维习惯毫无根据的不幸扩张所引起的问题的性质。我们会一再遇到这种态度的一些典型因素,其表面上的合理性使我们在评价它们时必须谨慎行事。从具体的历史事例中,并非总是能够揭示这些典型观点跟科学家的思维习惯有何关系,或它们如何从这种习惯中产生,而在系统的考察中则更易于做到这一点。-哈耶克《科学的反革命》

The influence of history, it play a role of channels, and its influence on social development direction, will be the subject of our series of historical research, this article is an introduction to them. Prior to trace the influence of the historical process and its consequences, and we want to describe the general characteristics of its first, habits of thinking, and natural science and biological sciences groundless unfortunately expansion caused by the nature of the problem. We will run into some typical factors of this attitude, over and over again the rationality of its surface that we must be careful in evaluating them. From specific historical case, is not always able to reveal these typical views have anything to do with scientists habits of thinking, or how they are produced from this kind of habit, and in the system of inspection is easier to do this. - hayek "scientific counter-revolutionary"

我们的技术文明越是进步,不同于对人及其观念的研究的对物的研究越是获得更为重要而有影响的地位,这两种类型的心智之间的分裂就变得越发严重:一种类型代表的是这样的人,他们最大的雄心是把自己周围的世界改造成一架庞大的机器,只要一按电钮,其中每一部分便会按照他们设计运行;另一种类型则是以这样的人为代表,他们主要关心的是人类心智的全方位发展,他们从历史或文学、艺术或法律的研究中认识到,个人是一个过程的一部分,他在这个过程中做出的贡献不受支配,而是自发的,它协助创造了一些比他或其他任何单一的头脑所能筹划的东西更伟大的事物。可悲的是,单纯的科学或技术教育未能提供的,正是这种身为社会过程一分子的意识,这种个人的努力相互作用的意识。-哈耶克《科学的反革命》

Our technical civilization progress, is different from the study of people and their ideas for research of the more important and influential position, the divide between the two types of mind becomes increasingly serious: one type is representative of such person, their greatest ambition is to transform the world around them into a huge machine, as long as one click button, in which each part will be run according to their design; Another type is the representative, their main concern is the all-round development of human mind, they are from history, or in the study of literature, art or law recognized that individual is a part of a process, his contribution in the process from the disposal, but spontaneous, it helped to create some or any other single mind than he could plan something more great things. Sadly, pure scientific or technical education fails to provide, it is this: as a molecular consciousness social process, the interaction of consciousness of individual efforts. - hayek "scientific counter-revolutionary"

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